Basic Korean Words
Basic Korean Words (aka What I learned from watching Korean dramas)
Who: Nugu / Dugu
What : Mwoyeyo (pronunciation: moh-eh-yo)
When : Onje (pronunciation: on-jay)
Where: Odi (pronunciation: oh-dee)
Why: Wey (pronunciation: way)
How: Otoke (pronunciation: oh-toh-kay)
Ommoni (pron: oh-mo-ni): Mom
Aboji (pron: ah-boh-gee): Dad
Haraboji (pron: hara-boh-ji): Grandfather
Halmoni (pron: hal-moh-ni): Grandmother
When (young siblings or close friends) speak to older siblings/friends:
Hyung : “Older brother” (if you’re male)
Noona: “Older sister” (if you’re male)
Oppa: “Older brother” (if you’re female) Used between siblings and friends, but between people who are not related, it can carry a romantic connotation.
Unni : “Older sister” (if you’re a female)
When (older siblings or close friends) speak to younger siblings/friends:
Dong-sang (pron: dohng-san) * refers to a blood sibling or close friend, whom you treat as a younger sibling. Dongsang applies to both genders, but its opposites are gender-specific (see hyung, oppa, and unni).
Ajumma (pron: ah-ju-mah) *A middle-aged woman. Can be used for a close friend of the family, or a stranger. Can be made more formal as “ajumoni.
Ajusshi (pron: ah-ju-she) *A middle-aged man. Can be used for a close friend of the family, or a stranger.
Love and Marriage
Sarang-he (pron: sah-rahng-hey): “I love you”
Bianeyo (pron: m/bi-ah-nay-oh): “I’m sorry”
Panji (pron: pahn-jee): Ring
Namja (pron: nahm-jah): Man
Yobo (pron: yoh-boh): “Honey” (term used for spouses only)
Agasshi (pronunciation: aga-she): Young lady
Napayo (pronunciation: na-pa-yo): Bad
Chaebol (pronunciation: chay-bowl): Rich family (who owns a conglomerate) *A list of real life SK chaebol families here. Note Sameung and LG.