Basic Korean Words

Basic Korean Words  (aka What I learned from watching Korean dramas)

.

Basics

Who:  Nugu / Dugu

What : Mwoyeyo  (pronunciation: moh-eh-yo)

When : Onje   (pronunciation: on-jay)

Where: Odi   (pronunciation: oh-dee)

Why:  Wey    (pronunciation: way)

How: Otoke    (pronunciation: oh-toh-kay)

.

Family/ People

Ommoni  (pron: oh-mo-ni):  Mom

Aboji  (pron: ah-boh-gee):  Dad

Haraboji   (pron: hara-boh-ji):  Grandfather

Halmoni (pron: hal-moh-ni):  Grandmother

 

When (young siblings or close friends) speak to older siblings/friends:

Hyung : “Older brother”  (if you’re male)
Noona: “Older sister”  (if you’re male)

Oppa:  “Older brother”  (if you’re female)  Used between siblings and friends, but between people who are not related, it can carry a romantic connotation.
Unni 
: “Older sister”  (if you’re a female)

When (older siblings or close friends) speak to younger siblings/friends:

Dong-sang (pron: dohng-san)  * refers to a blood sibling or close friend, whom you treat as a younger sibling. Dongsang applies to both genders, but its opposites are gender-specific (see hyung, oppa, and unni).

 

Ajumma   (pron: ah-ju-mah)  *A middle-aged woman. Can be used for a close friend of the family, or a stranger. Can be made more formal as “ajumoni.

Ajusshi    (pron: ah-ju-she)  *A middle-aged man. Can be used for a close friend of the family, or a stranger.

.

 

Love and Marriage

Sarang-he  (pron: sah-rahng-hey):  “I love you”

Bianeyo  (pron: m/bi-ah-nay-oh):   “I’m sorry”

Panji  (pron: pahn-jee):    Ring

Namja  (pron: nahm-jah):    Man

Yobo    (pron: yoh-boh):    “Honey” (term used for spouses only)

.

.

Rich/Poor topics


Agasshi (pronunciation: aga-she):   Young lady

Napayo  (pronunciation: na-pa-yo):   Bad

Chaebol  (pronunciation: chay-bowl):   Rich family (who owns a conglomerate)  *A list of real life SK chaebol families here. Note Sameung and LG.

.

Advertisements